Thyroid Disorders

What is the Thyroid Gland?

The thyroid gland, a small, butterfly-shaped organ located in the front of the neck, plays a crucial role in regulating numerous bodily functions. It produces hormones that influence metabolism, growth, and energy expenditure, exerting a profound impact on overall health and well-being.

Types of Thyroid Disorders

  1. Hypothyroidism – This condition occurs when the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, leading to a slowdown in bodily functions. Common symptoms include fatigue, weight gain, constipation, dry skin, and sensitivity to cold.
  2. Hyperthyroidism – Characterized by an overactive thyroid gland, hyperthyroidism results in excessive hormone production. Symptoms may include weight loss, rapid heartbeat, anxiety, irritability, tremors, and heat intolerance.
  3. Thyroid Nodules – Thyroid nodules are abnormal growths or lumps within the thyroid gland. While most nodules are benign, some can be cancerous. Symptoms may vary, but some individuals may experience difficulty swallowing, neck swelling, or hoarseness.
  4. Thyroiditis – Thyroiditis refers to inflammation of the thyroid gland, which various factors, including autoimmune diseases, infections, or medication can cause. Symptoms may include neck pain, fatigue, weight changes, and mood disturbances.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosing thyroid disorders typically involves a combination of physical examinations, blood tests to measure hormone levels, imaging studies such as ultrasounds, and in some cases, biopsy for further evaluation of thyroid nodules.
Treatment options vary depending on the type and severity of the thyroid disorder. Common approaches include:
Medication – Hormone replacement therapy is often prescribed for hypothyroidism to supplement deficient thyroid hormones. Anti-thyroid medications may be used to manage hyperthyroidism by reducing hormone production.
Radioactive Iodine Therapy – This treatment involves the ingestion of radioactive iodine, which selectively destroys thyroid cells, particularly in cases of hyperthyroidism or thyroid cancer.
Surgery – Surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid gland may be necessary in cases of large nodules, thyroid cancer, or severe hyperthyroidism that doesn’t respond to other treatments.
Lifestyle Changes – Adopting a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, stress management, and adequate sleep, can help support thyroid health and overall well-being.

Empowering Patients with Knowledge

At LW Cho Endocrine, we are committed to empowering individuals with the knowledge and resources they need to understand and manage thyroid disorders effectively. Our team of experienced healthcare professionals specialises in the diagnosis, treatment, and ongoing care of thyroid conditions, ensuring personalised attention and comprehensive support for every patient.

Dr. Cho Li Wei 朱丽薇医生

Consultant Endocrinologist
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